1893 Lilienthal Monoplane Glider (Model)

In 1893, Otto Lilienthal becoame the first man to actually fly in a heavier-than-air aircraft. He was the dominant figure in aeronautics during the late 1800s.

1896 Chanute Biplane Glider (Model)

Octave Chanute, the foremost aeronautical publicist during the 1890s and early 1900s, encouraged and supported the Wright brothers and many other aviation pioneers.

1900 ca. Clark Bi-Wing Ornithopter (Original)

Ornithopters were designed to fly by flapping their wings like birds, an idea as old as time. James W. Clark of Bridgewater, Pennsylvania - clockmaker, bicycle repairman, and inventor - reportedly tested this machine between 1900 and 1910.

1903 Wright Flyer (Representation)

On December 17, 1903, on the sands of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the dream of powered flight became reality.

1909 Antoinette Monoplane (Representation)

Leon Levavasseur, artist and engineer, built the first Antoinette in 1903. It did not fly. The first classic Antoinette was the IV of 1908.

1909 Bleriot Type XI Monoplane (Representation)

Louis Blériot's Type XI incorporated many innovations including the monoplane wing, tractor engine, rear rudder, enclosed cockpit, horizontal stabilizer and swiveling landing gear to permit crosswind takeoffs.

1910 Henri Farman III Biplane (Representation)

The Henri Farman III, one of the most famous and widely used early European biplanes, was the first aircraft produced by Farman's factory in France.