1912 Curtiss Model D Pusher (Representation)

The Model D was one of the first planes to use ailerons for banking or rolling, instead of employing the Wright brothers’ system of wing warping.

1913 Deperdussin GB Racer (Representation)

This historic aircraft was advanced for its time. Its streamlined, monocoque fuselage influenced the design of modern day aircraft.

1913 Etrich Taube Aeroplane (Representation)

The Taube’s wing design is based on the zanonia tree seed pod, which drifts through the air for great distances.

1916 Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 (Representation)

This F.E.8 was built in California by Jack Gardiner and Robert Sebring. Gardiner then made an epic flight in it to Owls Head in 1980, taking 32 days.

1916 Sopwith Pup (Representation)

“We saw at once that the enemy aeroplane was superior to ours,” noted Baron Manfred von Richthofen, “The Red Baron”, after first observing the Pup in 1917.

1917 Curtiss JN-4D Jenny (Original)

The nickname "Jenny" was derived by slurring "JN" into "Jenny." The most notable American design of World War I, Jenny had two careers -- as a trainer and after the War as a barnstormer/air show performer.

1917 Fokker Dr.I Triplane (Representation)

The Dr.I (representation), immortalized by Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron, was inspired by the success of the British Sopwith triplane (essentially a Pup with a third wing surface added).

1917 Nieuport 28C.1 (Representation)

Douglas Campbell, the first American-trained pilot to become an ace, flew a French Nieuport 28C.1. The 28C.1 was one of the most handsome of World War I fighters.

1917 SPAD XIIIc.I (Representation)

The SPAD XIIIc.i (representation) and Eddie Rickenbacker, top American ace of WWI with 26 victories, are inseparable in aviation lore.