(Full size representation) In 1799 Sir George Cayley (1773-1857), of Brompton, Yorkshire, England, was first to document the aerodynamic forces of flight, roll, pitch and yaw. Consequently, he is recognized as the Father of Aeronautics.

1893 Lilienthal Glider

In 1893, Otto Lilienthal becoame the first man to actually fly in a heavier-than-air aircraft. He was the dominant figure in aeronautics during the late 1800s.

1896 Chanute Glider

Octave Chanute, the foremost aeronautical publicist during the 1890s and early 1900s, encouraged and supported the Wright brothers and many other aviation pioneers.

1900 ca. Clark Bi-Wing Ornithopter

Ornithopters were designed to fly by flapping their wings like birds, an idea as old as time. James W. Clark of Bridgewater, Pennsylvania - clockmaker, bicycle repairman, and inventor - reportedly tested this machine between 1900 and 1910.

1903 Wright Flyer

On December 17, 1903, on the sands of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the dream of powered flight became reality.

1909 Antoinette

Leon Levavasseur, artist and engineer, built the first Antoinette in 1903. It did not fly. The first classic Antoinette was the IV of 1908.

1909 Bleriot Type XI Monoplane (Representation)

Louis Blériot's Type XI incorporated many innovations including the monoplane wing, tractor engine, rear rudder, enclosed cockpit, horizontal stabilizer and swiveling landing gear to permit crosswind takeoffs.

1910 Henri Farman III Biplane

The Henri Farman III, one of the most famous and widely used early European biplanes, was the first aircraft produced by Farman's factory in France.

1912 Curtiss Model D Pusher

The Model D was one of the first planes to use ailerons for banking or rolling, instead of employing the Wright brothers’ system of wing warping.