The 1918 Standard J-1 (original) was the number two trainer in the U.S. Air Service during World War I. Basically a good airplane, it was hampered by a Hall-Scott A-7 engine that was unreliable and frequently caught fire in the air.

1,600 units were contracted by the U.S. government at a time when the primary training aircraft, the Curtiss Jenny, was in short supply. Because of its various inadequacies, many Standards remained in their shipping crates throughout the War. Afterwards, when military surplus was released to the public, the surplus Standards were sold for as little as $500 each. Revived with a variety of engine replacements, the Standard soon caught, then eclipsed its predecessor, the Jenny, as the airplane of choice with the emerging breed of pilot, the barnstormer. Powered by a replacement 150 horsepower Hispano-Suiza “Hisso” engine, the Standard was an easy sell. Another advantage of the J-1 was its slower stall speed, allowing it in and out of smaller fields than a Jenny. When wingwalking emerged, the J-1’s slower speeds and larger space between wings made it a natural choice for performers. This Standard is painted to represent that used by Maine’s own Harry Jones.

Specifications: Span 44’, length 29’ 6”, takeoff weight 2,025 lbs. Engine: 100 horsepower Hall-Scott A-7a four-cylinder in-line water-cooled (original); 150 horsepower Hispano-Suiza direct-drive water-cooled V-8 (replacement); cruise speed 68 mph.

Accession no. 1992G40

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